Wernher von Braun, The Mars Project (1991, 1962, 1953)

Wernher von Braun was briefly imprisoned by Heinrich Himmler (Gestapo) during World War II for being suspected of discussing how to send 70 plus humans to Mars instead of bombing London with the V-1 and V-2 rockets. Von Braun became the father of the United States space program. His engineering team created the Saturn V rocket booster that took the first humans to Earth’s moon.